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    ddp is operated by the Seoul Design Foundation.

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    Welcome to DDP

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    About Us

    DDP, the largest 3D amorphous structure in the world From the very beginning, DDP garnered much attention as Korea’s first public building for which its design was chosen through an international design contest, held by Seoul Metropolitan Government. The DDP was designed by late Zaha Hadid, an Iraqi-born British architect who was the first woman to receive the Pritzker Architecture Prize.

    Overview
    Location Euljiro 281 DDP, Jung-gu, Seoul (previously Dongdaemun Stadium)
    Scale Gross area: 86,574m2 (3 stories underground, 4 stories above ground, with maximum height of 29m)
    Project Duration 2009.04.28 ~ 2014.03.21
    • The groundbreaking ceremony for the DDP and the opening ceremony for the Information Center were held
    • The Dongdaemun History and Culture Park was opened
    • 2013.11.30 DDP Construction of the DDP was completed
    • 2014.03.21 DDP The DDP opens
    Space 5 facilities, 15 spaces
    • Art Hall(4,953.48m2) : Art Hall 1, Art Hall 2, International Conference Hall
    • Museum(7,928.49m2) : Design Museum, Design Exhibition Hall, Design Pathway, Museum Cafe
    • Design Lab(8,206.08m2) : Design Lab 1, Design Lab 2, Green Showroom, Academy Hall
    • Dongdaemun History & Culture Park (4,110.60m2) : An eco-friendly design park (Design Gallery, Dongdaemun History Museum)
    • Oullim Square : A space open 24-hours for the convenience of DDP visitors and to vitalize its neighboring commercial district
    • Design Market : -Multi-concept store consisting of stores providing cultural contents and experiences
    Design Zaha Hadid Architects + Samoo Architects and Engineers Construction: Samsung C&&T Corporation
    Construction Samsung C&&T Corporation
    Management Seoul Design Foundation
    Architectural concept developed by Zaha Hadid

    Zaha Hadid has achieved global recognition for her organic designs, and is known as an innovative architect who constantly pushes the limits of architecture and the concepts of city and design. In 2004, she became the first woman to win the Prizker Architecture Prize, known as the “Nobel Prize” of architecture. Some of her projects include the Architecture Foundation in London, the London Aquatics Centre for the 2012 Summer Olympics, the Sheikh Zayed Bridge and the Guggenheim Performing Arts Center in Abu Dhabi, the Business Bay Towers in Dubai, and Pierres Vives in Montpellier, France.

    Construction of DDP

    Construction of DDP
    DDP, the world’s largest three-dimensional amorphous architecture is built using all of Korea’s cutting-edge construction technologies. It is built with 45,133 aluminum panels in different sizes and patterns. It is a building without any straight lines or walls. The design which was only drawn on paper was finally brought to life using five construction technologies.
    Advanced, Three-dimensional BIM Design Approach

    The construction of the amorphous DDP structure would have been virtually impossible using existing two-dimensional design plans. However, Seoul Metropolitan Government, the Seoul Design Foundation, and Samsung C&T used technology developed in Korea, a three-dimensional design approach called BIM (Building Information Modeling), to complete the new landmark structure. BIM has recently been applied to the construction of buildings, but only partly, such as on exterior walls of buildings. The DDP was the first case in Korea which employed the BIM approach throughout the whole process, including excavation, construction, interior finishing, MEP (mechanical electrical plumbing), and landscaping. BIM allowed the external panels to be built and installed flawlessly.

    Mega-Truss Method

    The design of DDP employs mega-trusses and a space frame, minimizing the use of columns and creating a massive interior space with seemingly endless curves. DDP utilizes a space frame to span large curved areas and mega-trusses, which are usually used for larger structures such as bridges, to support the cantilevered space frame. Using such advanced construction technology and techniques, DDP could hold expansive interior spaces without additional support structures.

    45,133 External Panels

    The DDP is finished with 45,133 aluminum panels in varying sizes and patterns. None of them are the same. This sets DDP apart from other architectural structures.
    Since the external panels differ in size, curvature, and pattern, the existing production and installation methods could not guarantee the design, quality, and timely completion of the project. Also, there were no similar structures anywhere in the world to benchmark. Determined to successfully complete the external panel installation within budget and on time, Samsung C&T reviewed all known metal forming technologies used in shipbuilding as well as airplane and automobile manufacturing to develop the equipment necessary to form and cut the multiple-curved panels, the first equipment of its kind in the world.

    Exposed Concrete

    DDP features exposed amorphous concrete surfaces of various shapes inside and outside of the building, creating a unique atmosphere. This type of concrete is designed to be used as an exposed surface without applying additional finishing material and requires careful construction of the framework and concrete casting. The exposed concrete finish of DDP was even more difficult due to its curved and amorphous structure. So, Samsung C&T used the BIM method to create a cross-section of the building every 300 mm and built the framework using a rib plywood framework method. Also, for the amorphous interior framework, the company used external panel forming equipment with stainless steel and aluminum, to realize the smooth and amorphous exposed concrete surface.

    Three-dimensional, Amorphous, Curved Interior Finishing

    The curved interior of DDP is finished with high-quality, eco-friendly, fire-resistant plaster boards, GRG (glass fiber-reinforced gypsum) boards, cotton sound absorption panels, and imitation marble. Before finalizing the three-dimensional design, Samsung C&T created several life-sized visual mockups of the amorphous interior, using the cutting-edge BIM method, in order to ensure quality construction.

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